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Forms of Government Chapter 1 Section 2 Social Studies Online Presentation.
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Forms of Government Chapter 1 Section 2 Social Studies Online Presentation
Starter (S2) The United States is sovereign, but the city or town in which you live is not. Do you think that your community should be sovereign? Why or why not? Answer:
Turn in Homework Page 16 Section 2 Assessment Key terms and main ideas Questions 1 – 4
Review What is a State? What are the characteristics of a state? Population, Territory, Sovereignty, and government. What is a Government? Legislative, judicial, executiveLegislative, judicial, executive Origins of Government Theories. Force, Evolutionary, Divine Right, Social ContractForce, Evolutionary, Divine Right, Social Contract
Vocabulary Review (V1) – (10 Min) Government: The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies. State: a body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority. Sovereign: to have supreme and absolute power. Autocracy: A form of government in which a single person holds unlimited political power. Confederation: A joining of various groups or States for a common purpose.
Vocabulary Review – cont (V1) Dictatorship: A form of government in which a single individual (leader) has absolute power and authority. Oligarchy: A form of government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite. Unitary Government: A government in which all powers are held by a central, central agency. It can create local units of government at its convenience. Presidential Government: A form of government in which the executive and legislative branches of the government are separate, independent, and coequal. Parliamentary Government: A form of government in which the executive branch is made up of the prime minister, or premier, and that official’s cabinet.
Types of Governments There are many different types of governments (i.e., democracy, autocracy, oligarchy, monarchy, and dictatorship).
Classifications of Governments Governments Who Participates Geographic Distribution of power Relationship between Legislative and Executive Branches
1. Participation Democracy: Rule by the people. Sovereign power and government is exercised only with the consent of the people. A Democracy comes in two versions: Direct: Pure democracyDirect: Pure democracy Indirect: People elect RepresentativesIndirect: People elect Representatives
Dictatorship A country ruled by a single leader. The leader has not been elected and may use force to keep control. In a military dictatorship, the army is in control.
Autocracy Government by a single person having unlimited power; despotism (domination through threat of punishment and violence).
Oligarchy A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power.
Monarchy A monarchy has a king, queen, emperor or empress. The ruling position can be passed on to the ruler’s heirs. In some traditional monarchies, the monarch has absolute power. But a constitutional monarchy, like the UK, also has a democratic government that limits the monarch’s control.
2. Geographic Distribution of Power Geographic UnitaryFederalConfederation
Unitary All power is held by the Central Government. It may create a local units for convenience, but local governments only have those powers granted by the central government. (UK)It may create a local units for convenience, but local governments only have those powers granted by the central government. (UK)
Federal Power is divided between the central government and local governments. Both levels are geographic and act directly on the people. (USA)
Confederate The central organization only has the power granted by member states. It is typically limited to defense and foreign affairs.
Relationship between Legislative and Executive Branches Relationship between Legislative and Executive Branches Presidential: A presidential government is identified by the separation of powers into two independent but co-equal government entities. Parliamentary: The executive is normally referred to as Prime Minister or Premier. He/She is a member of the legislative body and leader of the Majority party in the government
Summary Forms of Government ClassificationClassification Who can participate DemocracyDemocracy Dictatorship: autocracy, oligarchyDictatorship: autocracy, oligarchy Geographic Distribution Unitary, Federal, ConfederateUnitary, Federal, Confederate Relationship between branches Presidential GovernmentPresidential Government
Georgia Professional Standards SSCG19: The student will compare and contrast governments that are unitary, confederal, and federal; unitary, oligarchic and democratic; and presidential and parliamentary
Activity Create a Venn diagram comparing and contrasting the characteristics ofcomparing and contrasting the characteristics of Presidential and Parliamentary Government. Unitary, Federal, confederate governments Democracy and Dictatorship Work Group by Table 15 minutes 5 points
Activity Using your word bank terms and words. Write 10 complete sentence, a story, or a song. It must demonstrate a understanding of the words meaning.
Ticket out the Door EQ 2.2: What do we use to prevent conflict between people and why don’t they always work
Homework Reviewing Main Ideas Page 24, Section 2 Questions 16– 20 Complete the V1 Crossword puzzle
Homework Primary Sources (Handout) Magna Carta (1297)Magna Carta (1297) Petition of Right (1628)Petition of Right (1628) English Bill of Rights (1689)English Bill of Rights (1689) Virginia Bill of Rights (1776)Virginia Bill of Rights (1776) Pick 5 ideas in which you are familiar (highlight). Be prepared to discuss.
4 groups of students will be given handouts on the Magna Carta, Petition of Right, English Bill of Rights, and Virginia Bill of Rights. The students will read the handout and pick out at least 5 ideas and be prepared to discuss their findings.
CHAPTER 1 Principles of government f. WHAT IS GOVERNMENT? The institutions through which a society makes and enforces its public policies. Public.
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chapter 1 section 2 Forms of government